Dynamic Control Method and Application of Highway Toll Station Lanes


  • N Yan
  • J Tan
  • W An
  • J Gao




To address the issue of poor matching of lane allocation with traffic demand and composition, such as exit and entrance of highway toll stations, Electronic Toll Collection (ETC) and Manual Toll Collection (MTC), a dynamic lane control method for highway toll stations is proposed. Based on the lane control method, a mixed integer linear programming optimization model for the optimal opening scheme of toll lanes is established to achieve rational allocation of toll lanes. The results show that when the traffic demand at the entrance is significantly greater than that at the exit, dynamic control will allocate more toll lanes at the entrance. Compared with conventional control, the traffic capacity can be increased by 12.5%, 50% and 33.33%, respectively, under the three traffic schemes. When the traffic demand at the exit is greater than that at the entrance, dynamic control will allocate more toll lanes at the exit. The traffic capacity can be increased by 6.67%, 25%, and 33.33%, respectively, under the three traffic schemes. When the traffic composition at the entrance and exit matches the toll lanes, the traffic capacity and lane allocation of these two control methods are the same. In various traffic scenarios, dynamic control can adjust the lanes at the entrance and exit according to the traffic composition at the entrance of the toll station, so as to accurately match the traffic demand and capacity in all directions of the toll station, and improve the traffic efficiency of the toll station to realize intelligent expansion.


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How to Cite

Yan, N., Tan, J., An, W. and Gao, J. (2024) “Dynamic Control Method and Application of Highway Toll Station Lanes”, The International Journal of Multiphysics, 18(1), pp. 33-46. doi: 10.21152/1750-9548.18.1.33.